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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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limitations as these in Stalin's terms at Teheran as announced by Churchill
The will of the population was not mentioned.
Incorrect statistics as to the number of Poles in Eastern Poland were
published for home consumption in the Biitish Press in order to convince
the public that these people were in the minority^ but nothing was said
as to whether these or the other inhabitants of that country wished to
belong to the Soviet Union. At Munich, neither the c attacking Power '
nor the ' protecting Powers * had demanded a * friendly ' government,
neither had they endeavoured to interfere in the internal life of their
disabled victim. But the step which was taken at Teheran could only
mean that the attacking Power3 dissatisfied by the success of its own terms.,
was immediately preparing to absorb the remnant of its prey.
" There was a shocked and almost incredible silence/* noted Alastair
Forbes in the Daily Mail., " as the Atlantic Charter was denied by one of
its two authors* and,, as the man who proudly said that he had not become
the King's First Minister in order to preside over the liquidation of the
British Empire 3 suggested that it was the duty of Poland's First A'iinister
to accept the mutilation of his own country.
" Was this the man/' asked Forbes^ " who spoke for his people when he
said : ' We desire no territorial gains3 we wish to alter no sovereignty or
frontier/ who proclaimed our cause to be that ' of the weak against the
" It was hard to believe so> as one followed Ms support of the e Curzon
Line *; theft of Poland's beloved Lwow^ his sweeping alterations of the
map of Europe^ his gloss-over of the deep3 human problems and the dangers
for future peace with which such operations are fraught."
The House cheered when Churchill said that Great Britain " still
recognises the Polish Government/' and again when he referred to the
possibility of Poland gaining Danzig. And there was even louder applause
when the Premier continued : " It is asked, why cannot all questions of
territorial changes be left over till the end of the war ? " The uneasiness
of some members erupted in cries of 4 No ' when the Prime Minister
declared that at the peace conference the British Government would not
hesitate to proclaim that the Rusisans were justly treated in being granted
the claim they had made to a frontier along theŁ Curzon Line.' The House
was not convinced by the Prime Minister's speech^ " it had come as a
shock to learn that he was so closely united with the Russian point of
view/3 wrote Time and Tide., " particularly when he attempted to attain
a co-operation between the Polish Government and the Lublin Com-
On 15th December^ discussion of the Polish problem was confined by
Churchill to the question of the c Curzon Line/ but no indication of any
genuine settlement was given. There was also a touch of desperation in
the way in which he had flung the c naked bones ' of the Polish problem
before the House that day. There was also more than a little anger ex-
pressed against the Poles^ whom he was not defending but attacking, for